Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

‘Making money off the indegent stays a booming company, ‘ laments Quigley. (picture: Jeremy Brooks/flickr/cc)

Many see families in poverty and look for to simply help. Other people see families in poverty to discover possibilities for revenue.

Listed here are six samples of billion buck companies that are constructed on isolating people that are poor particularly folks of color, from their cash, the opposite Robin Hood.

Always Check Cashing Companies

Always Check cashing companies. Money a $100 check? At Walmart that’ll be $3. At TD bank non-customers spend $5 to cash a check from their bank.

Almost 10 million households containing 25 million individuals would not have any banking account based on the FDIC. Many simply because they didn’t have money that is enough keep at least stability within their account.

Always check cashing company are section of a $100 billion industry greater than 6,500 check cashing companies in america, many which provide cash purchases, household bill payments and so on, in accordance with testimony supplied to Congress by the industry.

Pawn Stores

Significantly more than 30 million individuals utilize pawn store lending services for the loan that is average of150. One business, money America, has 84 check cashing facilities and 859 financing places in the US, over 260 in Texas alone, expanding over $1 billion in pawn loans. Inside their 2014 report that is annual disclose that 30 % of people never come back to redeem the product they pawned while the purchase of these things accocunts for over 50 % of the organization profits. The business paid millions in charges in 2013 for overcharging people in the armed services and filing inaccurate court pleadings in 1000s of instances. The CEO was presented with $6 million in 2014.

Overdraft Charges

Overdraft charges, if you have perhaps perhaps not sufficient profit the bank checking account or bank card to pay for all purchases, can be an $11 billion industry for banking institutions, in line with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. A current ny circumstances article describes exactly just how banks sometimes charge overdraft charges even though the client has sufficient profit their reports to pay for the acquisition and had been obligated to spend a lot more than a billion bucks for manipulating your order of acquisitions to optimize the probabilities that their customers will have to spend additional costs.

Pay Day Loans

Pay day loans are employed by individuals over 15 million times per year and certainly will cause deep financial obligation dilemmas and in most cases include amazing percentages all the way to 391 % based on the customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Pew Charitable Trusts reported spend loans are a $7 billion dollar a year industry day. The Federal Trade Commission won a $300 million instance against two payday loan providers who had been deceiving borrowers, whom, as an example, took down a $300 loan reasoning it could be repaid for $390 when in fact the lending company ended up being recharging $975 to settle the $300 loan. The usa Department of Justice indicted race that is former motorist Scott Tucker on unlawful costs for running a $2 billion nationwide pay day loan procedure which regularly charged interest on loans for over 4.5 million individuals of 400 to 700 percent each year. The nation’s pay day loan that is largest business, Advance America, charged almost 140,000 individuals in new york yearly percentage prices surpassing 450 % until it absolutely was stopped because of their state.

Vehicle Title Loans


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Significantly more than 2 million individuals utilize automobile name loans each year, spending about $3 billion in fees every year, with typical percentage that is annual of 300 online payday loans South Dakota per cent, based on the Pew Charitable Trusts. The middle for Responsible Lending estimates there are over 7000 organizations which loan money to individuals considering keeping the name with their automobiles, often charging you as much as 300 percent interest that is annual which they advertise as 25 % every month. The borrower that is average a loan of $951 and takes care of $3,093.

Business collection agencies

Commercial collection agency is really a $13 billion buck per year industry using significantly more than 140,000 employees in 6,000 businesses, according to the Consumer Financial Protection that is federal Bureau.

Loan companies make significantly more than 1 billion (yes by having a b! ) connections with customers each year, based on their very own industry publication. Twelve million individuals (5.3 per cent of customers) are in minimum thirty days behind to their re payments, in accordance with the Urban Institute. Thirty-five per cent of all of the grownups with credit files, 77 million individuals, have actually financial obligation in collection reported in their files. Professional Publica reviewed 5 years of court judgments and found the price of judgements was two times as full of mostly neighborhoods that are black it had been in white people.

The customer Financial Protection Bureau has over 74,000 complaints about poor business collection agencies, its quantity one grievance, relating to a report that is recent of Alliance for the simply Society.

They are perhaps not companies that are just small big names like Citigroup, Capital One, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo, in reality the Alliance just for Society reported the top businesses with debt collections are making almost $100 million in efforts to federal prospects and events since 2001 and another $280 million on federal lobbyists.

Citibank had been sued twice by the federal CFPB over falsified papers and supplying information that is inaccurate financial obligation collections and decided to settle the way it is.

Your debt collector utilizing the biggest quantity of complaints, Encore Capital Group, focuses on purchasing up debts off their creditors after which filing thousands and thousands of lawsuits had been forced to cancel significantly more than 4,500 court judgments against borrowers in ny after it absolutely was faced with filing shoddy legal actions.

JPMorgan Chase paid over $130 million to be in an incident against it brought by lawyer generals from 47 states for improperly gathering debts under what’s called robo-signing, where appropriate papers are authorized and filed without proper review. JPMorgan early in the day paid $389 million in fines and refunds to credit-card customers for difficulties with financial obligation collections.


There is certainly some news that is good. Democrats created and passed into legislation the buyer Financial Protection Bureau that is now just starting to gain some traction in monitoring and managing these practices that are predatory. Bad news is the fact that Republicans like Ted Cruz are making an effort to destroy it plus some Democrats are attempting to hobble it. There are additionally groups that are good the guts for Responsible Lending which offer exemplary info on the abuses. However in the meantime earning money off the indegent stays a business that is booming.

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